Understable is a term that describes a disc's stability, its overall flight pattern, i.e. where it lands compared to from where it was thrown.

Understable Discs:
* RHBH (right hand back hand) throw will spin right and turn right during the high speed portion of the flight, when thrown flat, straight and with average power. Opposite for lefties, i.e. LHBH (left hand back hand) throw will spin left and turn left.
* Tend to turn in the direction of the spin during the initial stages of the flight. At the end of their flight as they lose speed, all spinning discs tend to fall in the opposite direction of their spin, but not so much for understable discs.
* Tend to turn in proportion to the speed of release. A fast released disc goes in the direction of its spin longer and further before it eventually falls off to left at the tail end of its flight. A slowly released disc will not see much movement in the direction of the spin and will fly straight and fall off opposite the direction of the spin as it loses speed. In other words, an understable disc will often fly stable to overstable at low speed.
* Easiest for new players to control, and will provide the most distance for beginning disc golfers.
* Great for beginners but used by pros and experienced players for various specialty shots.
* Use for anhyzer shots on a dogleg right or for roller shots.
* Generally should not be used in a headwind as they are too unpredictable.

The Stability of Innova discs is described in more detail by Turn and Fade, the 3rd and 4th numbers in the flight ratings, that together determine a disc's overall stability.

* High Speed Turninnova flight rating turn refers to the initial part of the flight when a disc has a tendency to turn or bank to the right for right handed back hand (RHBH) throwers, left for LHBH thrower. Ratings are from -5 to +1.
Lower ratings of -5 to -2 contribute to understability. A disc with a -5 rating offers the least resistance therefore will turn the easiest while a +1 rating is most resistant to turning. Discs rated -5 to -2 make good roller discs and are considered understable.
* Low Speed Fadeinnova flight rating fade refers to the end of the flight. All discs tail off or hook to the left for right handed back hand (RHBH) throwers (right for LHBH throwers), but some will hook harder than others. Fade rates how fast or hard a disc will hook or fall at the end of the flight. Ratings go from 0 to 5 with 0 meaning almost no fade.
Lower ratings of 0 - 1 contribute to understability. A disc rated 0 will finish straightest with the least fade. Discs with a low fade rating are the more understable. A disc rated 5 will fade or hook hardest at the end of the flight. Discs with a high fade rating are predictable even in wind and considered more overstable.

Add the numbers of Turn and Fade.
If the total is -1 to - 5, it's understable with - 1 being just slightly understable and -5 being very understable.
If the total is 0, a disc is straight.
If the total is 1 to 5, it's overstable with 1 being straight or just slightly overstable and 5 being extremely overstable.

Drivers - Speed 6-13innova driver selection chart | MidRange - Putters - Speed 1-5innova midrange and putter selection chart

Flight Pathsflight paths of innova discs | Plastics | Flight Characteristicsinnova flight rating info
(Each of the above links will open in a new Tab and can stay open for reference while you shop.)

We offer these ways to narrow your search. If you still have questions or would like some advice on what type of discs fit you best, please contact us. We've been in the business since 1987, throwing even longer and we love what we do!

Narrow Down Your Search


Innova Archangel - DX

The Innova DX Archangel is an understable fairway distance driver and one of Innova's easiest to throw for distance, especially for those with less power. The Archangel’s high glide, fast speed and turning characteristic all …

$7.95

Innova Cobra - DX

The Innova DX Cobra is a predictable stable to slightly understable mid range driver. This slightly larger diameter disc is an excellent all-around disc that is easy to grip, easy to throw straight and has great glide. This d…

$7.95

Innova Leopard - DX

The Innova DX Leopard is a great beginner friendly understable fairway driver. It should be everyone’s first disc golf driver as it is easy to throw straight and far and has excellent glide. The Leopard is a great turnover di…

$7.95

Innova Leopard3 - DX

The Innova DX Leopard3 is an understable fairway driver. Right out of the box it has a nice controllable turn. It can be thrown smoothly for straighter shots, or harder for more turn. Adjusting the angle of release of this di…

$7.95

Innova Mirage - DX

The Innova DX Mirage is an understable disc golf putter and approach disc. It was designed for easy control and low stress approaches. The Mirage is a low profile putter that is easy for beginners to throw straight. Perfect a…

$7.95

Innova Sidewinder - DX

The Innova DX Sidewinder is a fast, beginner friendly understable distance driver with a predictable high speed turn and lots of glide. This disc golf driver can add distance to anyone’s drive and is especially useful for tho…

$7.95

Innova Stingray - DX

The Innova DX Stingray is a large diameter, understable mid range driver with predictable turn and excellent glide. This disc golf driver has a shallow rim making it easy to grip for smaller hands and allows for a smooth cons…

$7.95

Innova Wolf - DX

The Innova DX Wolf is an understable mid range driver designed for making medium range straight and turnover shots. It features the patented INNOVA Thumtrac for added grip and reliability. The Wolf allows any player to learn …

$7.95

Innova Leopard - Pro Driver

The Innova Pro Driver Leopard is a great beginner friendly understable fairway driver. It should be everyone’s first disc golf driver as it is easy to throw straight and far and has excellent glide. The Leopard is a great tur…

$12.95

Innova Tern - Pro Driver

The Innova Pro Driver Tern is a slightly understable distance driver. The Tern has excellent speed and a flight path that maximizes glide over the entire flight. Similar to the Archon, the Tern designed for long shaping throw…

$12.95

Innova Vulcan - Pro Driver

The Innova Pro Driver Vulcan is an understable distance driver that was designed with the less powerful disc golf players in mind. The Vulcan flies similarly to the Katana with less low speed fade. (The Katana is less underst…

$12.95

Innova Daedalus - Champion

The Innova Champion Daedalus is an understable distance driver. The Daedalus is a maximum downwind distance driver that is crafted for less powerful players. Being one of the smoothest gliding drivers out there, it's a real b…

$13.95

Innova Leopard - Champion

The Innova Champion Leopard is a great beginner friendly understable fairway driver. It should be everyone’s first disc golf driver as it is easy to throw straight and far and has excellent glide. The Leopard is a great turno…

$13.95

Innova Leopard3 - Champion

The Innova Champion Leopard3 is an understable fairway driver. Right out of the box it has a nice controllable turn. It can be thrown smoothly for straighter shots, or harder for more turn. Adjusting the angle of release of t…

$13.95

Innova Mamba - Champion

The Innova Champion Mamba is a beginner friendly understable distance driver. It was designed to give maximum distance for minimal effort. The Mamba has more high speed turn than any other Innova long range driver. Throwing i…

$13.95

Innova Monarch - Champion

The Innova Champion Monarch is a great beginner friendly understable distance driver. It has significant high speed turn making the Monarch a good choice for beginning disc golf players and those with slower arm speeds. The M…

$13.95

Innova Panther - Champion

The Innova Champion Panther is a slightly understable mid range driver with a shallow rim. Players of all abilities can use it for throwing medium and short range shots. The Panther is a perfect disc golf driver for those lea…

$13.95

Innova Roadrunner - Champion

The Innova Champion Roadrunner is a beginner friendly understable long-range distance driver with lots of glide. It makes an excellent finesse driver or long range roller. Power throwers can use this disc golf driver for long…

$13.95

Innova Sidewinder - Champion

The Innova Champion Sidewinder is a fast, beginner friendly understable distance driver with a predictable high speed turn and lots of glide. This disc golf driver can add distance to anyone’s drive and is especially useful f…

$13.95

Innova Vulcan - Blizzard Champion

The Innova Blizzard Champion Vulcan is an understable distance driver that was designed with the less powerful disc golf players in mind. The Vulcan flies similarly to the Katana with less low speed fade. (The Katana is less …

$13.95

Innova Vulcan - Champion

The Innova Champion Vulcan is an understable distance driver that was designed with the less powerful disc golf players in mind. The Vulcan flies similarly to the Katana with less low speed fade. (The Katana is less understab…

$13.95

Innova Wombat - Champion

The Innova Champion Wombat is a slightly understable mid range driver. The Wombat is a large diameter disc golf driver that flies similar to the Foxbat with added convex technology or VTech. The VTech feels better in the hand…

$13.95

Innova Leopard - Echo Star

The Innova Echo Star Leopard is a great beginner friendly understable fairway driver. It should be everyone’s first disc golf driver as it is easy to throw straight and far and has excellent glide. The Leopard is a great turn…

$15.50

Innova Mamba - Echo Star

The Innova Echo Star Mamba is a beginner friendly understable distance driver. It was designed to give maximum distance for minimal effort. The Mamba has more high speed turn than any other Innova long range driver. Throwing …

$15.50

Innova Tern - Echo Star

The Innova Echo Star Tern is a distance driver that is slightly understable. The Tern has excellent speed and a flight path that maximizes glide over the entire flight. Similar to the Archon, the Tern is designed for long sha…

$15.50

Innova Daedalus - Champion Dyed

The Innova Champion Dyed Daedalus is an understable distance driver. The Daedalus is a maximum downwind distance driver that is crafted for less powerful players. Being one of the smoothest gliding drivers out there, it's a r…

$15.95

Innova Daedalus - GStar

The Innova GStar Daedalus is an understable distance driver. The Daedalus is a maximum downwind distance driver that is crafted for less powerful players. Being one of the smoothest gliding drivers out there, it's a real boos…

$15.95

Innova Daedalus - Star

The Innova Star Daedalus is an understable distance driver. The Daedalus is a maximum downwind distance driver that is crafted for less powerful players. Being one of the smoothest gliding drivers out there, it's a real boost…

$15.95

Innova Leopard - Champion Dyed

The Innova Champion Dyed Leopard is a great beginner friendly understable fairway driver. It should be everyone’s first disc golf driver as it is easy to throw straight and far and has excellent glide. The Leopard is a great …

$15.95

Innova Leopard - GStar

The Innova GStar Leopard is a great beginner friendly understable fairway driver. It should be everyone’s first disc golf driver as it is easy to throw straight and far and has excellent glide. The Leopard is a great turnover…

$15.95

Innova Leopard - Star

The Innova Star Leopard is a great beginner friendly understable fairway driver. It should be everyone’s first disc golf driver as it is easy to throw straight and far and has excellent glide. The Leopard is a great turnover …

$15.95

Innova Leopard3 - Star

The Innova Star Leopard3 is an understable fairway driver. Right out of the box it has a nice controllable turn. It can be thrown smoothly for straighter shots, or harder for more turn. Adjusting the angle of release of this …

$15.95

Innova Mamba - GStar

The Innova GStar Mamba is a beginner friendly understable distance driver. It was designed to give maximum distance for minimal effort. The Mamba has more high speed turn than any other Innova long range driver. Throwing into…

$15.95

Innova Mamba - Star

The Innova Star Mamba is a beginner friendly understable distance driver. It was designed to give maximum distance for minimal effort. The Mamba has more high speed turn than any other Innova long range driver. Throwing into …

$15.95

Innova Manta - Star

The Innova Star Manta is a slightly understable mid range driver featuring VTech. It has a gentle turn when thrown with power and glides smoothly and straight when thrown flat with moderate power. The Manta is a good choic…

$15.95

Innova Mirage - Star

The Innova Star Mirage is an understable disc golf putter and approach disc. It was designed for easy control and low stress approaches. The Mirage is a low profile putter that is easy for beginners to throw straight. Perfect…

$15.95

Innova Monarch - Champion Dyed

The Innova Champion Dyed Monarch is a great beginner friendly understable distance driver. It has significant high speed turn making the Monarch a good choice for beginning disc golf players and those with slower arm speeds. …

$15.95

Innova Mystere - Star

The Innova Star Mystere is a beginner friendly understable distance driver. The Mystere was once exclusive to Innova's Player Pack Sponsorship Program. This disc golf driver carves smooth s-turn drives from the very first thr…

$15.95

Innova Roadrunner - Champion Dyed

The Innova Champion Dyed Roadrunner is a beginner friendly understable long-range distance driver with lots of glide. It makes an excellent finesse driver or long range roller. Power throwers can use this disc golf driver for…

$15.95

Innova Roadrunner - GStar

The Innova GStar Roadrunner is a beginner friendly understable long-range distance driver with lots of glide. It makes an excellent finesse driver or long range roller. Power throwers can use this disc golf driver for long tu…

$15.95

Innova Roadrunner - Star

The Innova Star Roadrunner is a beginner friendly understable long-range distance driver with lots of glide. It makes an excellent finesse driver or long range roller. Power throwers can use this disc golf driver for long tur…

$15.95

Innova Roadrunner - StarLite

The Innova StarLite Roadrunner is a beginner friendly understable long-range distance driver with lots of glide. It makes an excellent finesse driver or long range roller. Power throwers can use this disc golf driver for long…

$15.95

Innova Sidewinder - Champion Dyed

The Innova Champion Dyed Sidewinder is a fast, beginner friendly understable distance driver with a predictable high speed turn and lots of glide. This disc golf driver can add distance to anyone’s drive and is especially use…

$15.95

Innova Sidewinder - GStar

The Innova GStar Sidewinder is a fast, beginner friendly understable distance driver with a predictable high speed turn and lots of glide. This disc golf driver can add distance to anyone’s drive and is especially useful for …

$15.95

Innova Sidewinder - Star

The Innova Star Sidewinder is a fast, beginner friendly understable distance driver with a predictable high speed turn and lots of glide. This disc golf driver can add distance to anyone’s drive and is especially useful for t…

$15.95

Innova Sidewinder - StarLite

The Innova StarLite Sidewinder is a fast, beginner friendly understable distance driver with a predictable high speed turn and lots of glide. This disc golf driver can add distance to anyone’s drive and is especially useful f…

$15.95

Innova Tern - GStar

The Innova GStar Tern is a slightly understable distance driver. The Tern has excellent speed and a flight path that maximizes glide over the entire flight. Similar to the Archon, the Tern designed for long shaping throws. In…

$15.95

Innova Tern - Star

The Innova Star Tern is a slightly understable distance driver. The Tern has excellent speed and a flight path that maximizes glide over the entire flight. Similar to the Archon, the Tern designed for long shaping throws. In …

$15.95

Innova Vulcan - GStar

The Innova GStar Vulcan is an understable distance driver that was designed with the less powerful disc golf players in mind. The Vulcan flies similarly to the Katana with less low speed fade. (The Katana is less understable …

$15.95

Innova Vulcan - Star

The Innova Star Vulcan is an understable distance driver that was designed with the less powerful disc golf players in mind. The Vulcan flies similarly to the Katana with less low speed fade. (The Katana is less understable o…

$15.95

Innova Wedge - Star

The Innova Star Wedge is an understable putt and approach disc. Actually, it is 'wedged' between a disc golf putter and a mid range driver. Smaller hands and those preferring a low profile straight flying putter will find the…

$15.95

Innova Wombat - GStar

The Innova GStar Wombat is a slightly understable mid range driver. The Wombat is a large diameter disc golf driver that flies similar to the Foxbat with added convex technology or VTech. The VTech feels better in the hand, i…

$15.95

Innova Leopard3 - Champion Glow

The Innova Champion Glow Leopard3 is the first to debut the new look of Champion Glow. The Innova Champion Glow Leopard3 is an understable fairway driver. Right out of the box it has a nice controllable turn. It can be thr…

$16.00

Innova Wombat3 - Champion - Special Edition

This Innova Champion Wombat3 Special Edition features special artwork and will comfortably burrow into every player’s bag. The Innova Champion Wombat3 is a stable to slightly understable mid range driver that feels great i…

$16.95

Innova Manta - Star - Proto Star Stamp

This is the First Run Proto Star Stamp Star Manta. The Innova Star Manta is a slightly understable mid range driver featuring VTech. It has a gentle turn when thrown with power and glides smoothly and straight when thrown …

$20.00

Innova Mirage - Star - Proto Star Stamp

This is the First Run Proto Star Stamp Mirage. The Innova Star Mirage is an understable disc golf putter and approach disc. It was designed for easy control and low stress approaches. The Mirage is a low profile putter tha…

$20.00

Innova Vulcan - Star - Proto Star Stamp

This is the First Run Innova Star Vulcan with the Proto Star Stamp. The Innova Star Vulcan is an understable distance driver that was designed with the less powerful disc golf players in mind. The Vulcan flies similarly to…

$20.05