Overstable is a term that describes a disc's stability, its overall flight pattern, i.e. where it lands compared to from where it was thrown.

Overstable Discs:

  • Turn opposite the spin when thrown flat, straight and with average power. That means
  • RHBH (right hand back hand) throw will spin right and turn left. Opposite for lefties, i.e. LHBH (left hand back hand) throw will spin left and turn right.
  • RHFH (right hand forehand) or flick throw will spin left and fall right. Opposite for lefties.
  • Work well against the wind
  • Work well for skip shots
  • Great choice when you need a disc that finishes hard left (for RHBH)
  • For players with at least some experience
  • Typically used by strong arm high speed throwers
  • The more overstable a disc, the greater the tendency to turn opposite the direction of the spin.
  • The more overstable a disc, the greater wind it can handle.
  • The higher the speed of release, the less sharp the turn.

The Stability of Innova discs is described in more detail by Turn and Fade, the 3rd and 4th numbers in the flight ratings, that together determine a disc's overall stability.

High Speed Turninnova flight rating turn refers to the initial part of the flight when a disc has a tendency to turn or bank to the right for right handed back hand (RHBH) throwers, left for LHBH thrower. Ratings are from -5 to +1.
Higher ratings of -1 to +1contribute to overstability. A disc with a +1 rating is most resistant to turning while a -5 rating offers the least resistance therefore will turn the easiest. Discs rated -5 to -2 make good roller discs and are considered understable.
Low Speed Fadeinnova flight rating fade refers to the end of the flight. All discs tail off or hook to the left for right handed back hand (RHBH) throwers (right for LHBH throwers), but some will hook harder than others. Fade rates how fast or hard a disc will hook or fall at the end of the flight. Ratings go from 0 to 5 with 0 meaning almost no fade.
Higher ratings of 2 to 5 contribute to overstability. A disc rated 5 will fade or hook hardest at the end of the flight. Discs with a high fade rating are predictable even in wind and considered more overstable. A disc rated 0 will finish straightest with the least fade. Discs with a low fade rating are the more understable.

Add the numbers of Turn and Fade.
If the total is -1 to - 5, it's understable with - 1 being just slightly understable and -5 being very understable.
If the total is 0, a disc is straight.
If the total is 1 to 5, it's overstable with 1 being straight or just slightly overstable and 5 being extremely overstable.

Innova Flight Charts - Drivers - Midrange - Putters | Flight Pathsflight paths of innova discs | Plastics | Flight Characteristicsinnova flight rating info
(Each of the above links will open in a new Tab and can stay open for reference while you shop.)

If you still have questions or want advice, please contact us. We've been in the business since 1987 and throwing even longer. We love what we do!


Innova Ape - Blizzard Champion

The Innova Blizzard Champion Ape is an overstable high speed distance driver with great stability. It's essential for windy conditions as well as sharp doglegs. The Ape is great for powerful backhand and sidearm throws as wel…

$13.95

Innova Ape - Champion

The Innova Champion Ape is an overstable high speed distance driver with great stability. It's essential for windy conditions as well as sharp doglegs. The Ape is great for powerful backhand and sidearm throws as well as a va…

$13.95

Innova Ape - DX

The Innova DX Ape is an overstable high speed distance driver with great stability. It's essential for windy conditions as well as sharp doglegs. The Ape is great for powerful backhand and sidearm throws as well as a variety …

$7.95

Innova Ape - Star

The Innova Star Ape is an overstable high speed distance driver with great stability. It's essential for windy conditions as well as sharp doglegs. The Ape is great for powerful backhand and sidearm throws as well as a variet…

$15.95

Innova Boss - Blizzard Champion

The Innova Blizzard Champion Boss is an overstable distance driver. Innova's first Speed 13 driver was designed for maximum distance off the tee. It is fast and can handle full power throws and moderate headwinds. Advanced pl…

$13.95

Innova Boss - Champion

The Innova Champion Boss is an overstable distance driver. Innova's first Speed 13 driver was designed for maximum distance off the tee. It is fast and can handle full power throws and moderate headwinds. Advanced players and…

$13.95

Innova Boss - DX

The Innova DX Boss is an overstable distance driver. Innova's first Speed 13 driver was designed for maximum distance off the tee. It is fast and can handle full power throws and moderate headwinds. Advanced players and sidea…

$7.95

Innova Boss - Echo Star

The Innova Echo Star Boss is an overstable distance driver. Innova's first Speed 13 driver was designed for maximum distance off the tee. It is fast and can handle full power throws and moderate headwinds. Advanced players an…

$15.50

Innova Boss - GStar

The Innova GStar Boss is an overstable distance driver. Innova's first Speed 13 driver was designed for maximum distance off the tee. It is fast and can handle full power throws and moderate headwinds. Advanced players and si…

$15.95

Innova Boss - Pro Driver

The Innova Pro Driver Boss is an overstable distance driver. Innova's first Speed 13 driver was designed for maximum distance off the tee. It is fast and can handle full power throws and moderate headwinds. Advanced players a…

$12.95

Innova Boss - Pro Driver Dyed

The Innova Pro Driver Boss Dyed is an overstable distance driver. Innova's first Speed 13 driver was designed for maximum distance off the tee. It is fast and can handle full power throws and moderate headwinds. Advanced play…

$14.95

Innova Boss - Star

The Innova Star Boss is an overstable distance driver. Innova's first Speed 13 driver was designed for maximum distance off the tee. It is fast and can handle full power throws and moderate headwinds. Advanced players and sid…

$15.95

Innova Boss - Star Bottom Stamp

The Innova Bottom Stamp Star Boss is an overstable distance driver. Innova's first Speed 13 driver was designed for maximum distance off the tee. It is fast and can handle full power throws and moderate headwinds. Advanced pl…

$15.95

Innova Boss - Star Bottom Stamp - Colorado State Flag

This Innova Star Bottom Stamp Boss features a Colorado State Flag Stamp. The Innova Star Bottom Stamp Boss is an overstable distance driver. Innova's first Speed 13 driver was designed for maximum distance off the tee. It …

$20.95

Innova Boss - Star Bottom Stamp - Texas State Flag

This Innova Star Bottom Stamp Boss features a Texas State Flag Stamp. The Innova Star Bottom Stamp Boss is an overstable distance driver. Innova's first Speed 13 driver was designed for maximum distance off the tee. It is …

$20.95

Innova Boss - StarLite

The Innova StarLite Boss is an overstable distance driver. Innova's first Speed 13 driver was designed for maximum distance off the tee. It is fast and can handle full power throws and moderate headwinds. Advanced players and…

$15.95

Innova Colossus - Champion

The Innova Champion Colossus is an overstable max distance driver with predictable high speed turn and reliable fade. Although this disc golf driver has a wide rim, it is also relatively easy to hold and throw both backhand a…

$13.95

Innova Colossus - GStar

The Innova GStar Colossus is an overstable max distance driver with predictable high speed turn and reliable fade. Although this disc golf driver has a wide rim, it is also relatively easy to hold and throw both backhand and …

$15.95

Innova Colossus - GStar - Proto Star Stamp

This GStar Colossus is a first run Proto Star Stamp. The Innova GStar Colossus is an overstable max distance driver with predictable high speed turn and reliable fade. Although this disc golf driver has a wide rim, it is a…

$20.00

Innova Colossus - Star

The Innova Star Colossus is an overstable max distance driver with predictable high speed turn and reliable fade. Although this disc golf driver has a wide rim, it is also relatively easy to hold and throw both backhand and f…

$15.95

Innova Destroyer - Blizzard Champion

The Innova Blizzard Champion Destroyer is a stable to overstable distance driver. It is a very fast disc golf disc with significant glide. Compared to the Wraith it is faster and has a little more high and low speed stability…

$13.95

Innova Destroyer - Champion

The Innova Champion Destroyer is a stable to overstable distance driver. It is a very fast disc golf disc with significant glide. Compared to the Wraith it is faster and has a little more high and low speed stability. The Des…

$13.95

Innova Destroyer - Champion Dyed

The Innova Champ Dyed Destroyer is a stable to overstable distance driver. It is a very fast disc golf disc with significant glide. Compared to the Wraith it is faster and has a little more high and low speed stability. The D…

$15.95

Innova Destroyer - Champion Metal Flake

The Innova Champion Metal Flake Destroyer is a stable to overstable distance driver. It is a very fast disc golf disc with significant glide. Compared to the Wraith it is faster and has a little more high and low speed stabil…

$16.00

Innova Destroyer - DX

The Innova DX Destroyer is a stable to overstable distance driver. It is a very fast disc golf disc with significant glide. Compared to the Wraith it is faster and has a little more high and low speed stability. The Destroyer…

$7.95

Innova Destroyer - GStar

The Innova GStar Destroyer is a stable to overstable distance driver. It is a very fast disc golf disc with significant glide. Compared to the Wraith it is faster and has a little more high and low speed stability. The Destro…

$15.95

Innova Destroyer - Pro Driver

The Innova Pro Destroyer is a stable to overstable distance driver. It is a very fast disc golf disc with significant glide. Compared to the Wraith it is faster and has a little more high and low speed stability. The Destroye…

$12.95

Innova Destroyer - Pro Driver Dyed

The Innova Pro Dyed Destroyer is a stable to overstable distance driver. It is a very fast disc golf disc with significant glide. Compared to the Wraith it is faster and has a little more high and low speed stability. The Des…

$14.95

Innova Destroyer - Star

The Innova Star Destroyer is a stable to overstable distance driver. It is a very fast disc golf disc with significant glide. Compared to the Wraith it is faster and has a little more high and low speed stability. The Destroy…

$15.95

Innova Destroyer - Star - Ice Bowl 2018

This Innova Star Destroyer features an Ice Bowl 2018 stamp created by artist John Dorn. There are limited quantities on hand and will not be reproduced when gone. The Innova Star Destroyer is a stable to overstable distanc…

$15.95

Innova Destroyer - Star - Prototype Robo XXL Stamp

This Innova Star Destroyer features a Robo Prototype XXL stamp. The Innova Star Destroyer is a stable to overstable distance driver. It is a very fast disc golf disc with significant glide. Compared to the Wraith it is fas…

$45.00

Innova Destroyer - Star Bottom Stamp

The Innova Star Bottom Stamp Destroyer is a stable to overstable distance driver. It is a very fast disc golf disc with significant glide. Compared to the Wraith it is faster and has a little more high and low speed stability…

$15.95

Innova Destroyer - Star Color Glow - Philo Brathwaite Tour Series 2018

This Innova Star Color Glow Destroyer is a fundraiser disc for the 2018 Philo Brathwaite Tour Series. You have the opportunity to directly support Philo Brathwaite and his touring efforts in 2018. Philo will receive a subs…

$24.99

Innova Firebird - Champion

The Innova Champion Firebird is an overstable distance driver. It is one of Innova's most popular upwind drivers that works well into a headwind. The Firebird’s combination of superior speed and stability make it possible to …

$13.95

Innova Firebird - Champion Color Glow - DU Open 2017 - 30th Anniversary

This CFR Champion Color Glow Firebird is a fundraiser disc for the 2017 Discs Unlimited Open. The Innova Champion Color Glow Firebird is an overstable distance driver. It is one of Innova's most popular upwind drivers that…

$20.00

Innova Firebird - Champion Color Glow - Nate Sexton Tour Series 2018

This Innova Champion Color Glow Firebird is a fundraiser disc for the 2018 Nate Sexton Tour Series. You have the opportunity to directly support Nate Sexton and his touring efforts in 2018. Nate will receive a substantial …

$24.99

Innova Firebird - Champion Dyed

The Innova Champion Dyed Firebird is an overstable distance driver. It is one of Innova's most popular upwind drivers that works well into a headwind. The Firebird’s combination of superior speed and stability make it possibl…

$15.95

Innova Firebird - DX

The Innova DX Firebird is an overstable distance driver. It is one of Innova's most popular upwind drivers that works well into a headwind. The Firebird’s combination of superior speed and stability make it possible to throw …

$7.95

Innova Firebird - Flat Top Champion - DU Open 2017 - 30th Anniversary

This CFR Flat Top Innova Champion Firebird is a fundraiser disc for the 2017 Discs Unlimited Open. The Innova Champion Firebird is an overstable distance driver. It is one of Innova's most popular upwind drivers that works…

$20.00

Innova Firebird - GStar

The Innova GStar Firebird is an overstable distance driver. It is one of Innova's most popular upwind drivers that works well into a headwind. The Firebird’s combination of superior speed and stability make it possible to thr…

$15.95

Innova Firebird - Star

The Innova Star Firebird is an overstable distance driver. It is one of Innova's most popular upwind drivers that works well into a headwind. The Firebird’s combination of superior speed and stability make it possible to thro…

$15.95

Innova Firebird - Star - Mini Stamp

This Innova Star Firebird is from the limited Mini Hot Stamp series. The Innova Star Firebird is an overstable distance driver. It is one of Innova's most popular upwind drivers that works well into a headwind. The Firebir…

$15.95

Innova Starfire - Champion

The Innova Champion Starfire is a fast, dependable, slightly overstable maximum distance driver. It has a long straight flight, amazing glide, a good bit of fade and great control. Great into headwinds. A good amount of fade …

$13.95

Innova Starfire - Champion Dyed

The Innova Champion Dyed Starfire is a fast, dependable, slightly overstable maximum distance driver. It has a long straight flight, amazing glide, a good bit of fade and great control. Great into headwinds. A good amount of …

$15.95

Innova Starfire - DX

The Innova DX Starfire is a fast, dependable, slightly overstable maximum distance driver. It has a long straight flight, amazing glide, a good bit of fade and great control. Great into headwinds. A good amount of fade at the…

$7.95

Innova Starfire - GStar

The Innova GStar Starfire is a fast, dependable, slightly overstable maximum distance driver. It has a long straight flight, amazing glide, a good bit of fade and great control. Great into headwinds. A good amount of fade at …

$15.95

Innova Starfire - Star

The Innova Star Starfire is a fast, dependable, slightly overstable maximum distance driver. It has a long straight flight, amazing glide, a good bit of fade and great control. Great into headwinds. A good amount of fade at t…

$15.95

Innova Thunderbird - Champion

The Innova Champion Thunderbird is an overstable distance driver. It comes from strong bloodlines - the stability of a TeeBird, the speed of a Valkyrie and described as a seasoned Firebird with less fade. The Thunderbird is p…

$13.95

Innova Thunderbird - Champion Color Glow - Madison Walker Tour Series 2018

This Innova Champion Color Glow Thunderbird is a fundraiser disc for the 2018 Madison Walker Tour Series. You have the opportunity to directly support Madison Walker and her touring efforts in 2018. Madison will receive a …

$24.99

Innova Thunderbird - Champion Dyed

The Innova Champion Dyed Thunderbird is an overstable distance driver. It comes from strong bloodlines - the stability of a TeeBird, the speed of a Valkyrie and described as a seasoned Firebird with less fade. The Thunderbird…

$15.95

Innova Thunderbird - Champion Icicle

The Icicle Champion Thunderbird was made exclusively for Innova's 2016 Christmas discs. Looking a bit like a frozen lake, these beautiful Thundies will have you debating, throw, or hang! It’s a tough decision, so get two! …

$19.95

Innova Thunderbird - DX

The Innova DX Thunderbird is an overstable distance driver. It comes from strong bloodlines - the stability of a TeeBird, the speed of a Valkyrie and described as a seasoned Firebird with less fade. The Thunderbird is predict…

$7.95

Innova Thunderbird - GStar

The Innova Thunderbird is an overstable distance driver. It comes from strong bloodlines - the stability of a TeeBird, the speed of a Valkyrie and described as a seasoned Firebird with less fade. The Thunderbird is predictabl…

$15.95

Innova Thunderbird - Pro Driver

The Innova Pro Driver Thunderbird is an overstable distance driver. It comes from strong bloodlines - the stability of a TeeBird, the speed of a Valkyrie and described as a seasoned Firebird with less fade. The Thunderbird is…

$12.95

Innova Thunderbird - Star

The Innova Star Thunderbird is an overstable distance driver. It comes from strong bloodlines - the stability of a TeeBird, the speed of a Valkyrie and described as a seasoned Firebird with less fade. The Thunderbird is predi…

$15.95

Innova Thunderbird - Star - Mini Stamp

This Innova Star Thunderbird has a Mini Stamp. The Innova Star Thunderbird is an overstable distance driver. It comes from strong bloodlines - the stability of a TeeBird, the speed of a Valkyrie and described as a seasoned…

$15.95

Innova Thunderbird - Star Marbled - Jeremy Koling Tour Series 2018

This Innova Star Marbled Thunderbird is a fundraiser disc for the 2018 Jeremy Koling Tour Series. You have the opportunity to directly support Jeremy Koling and his touring efforts in 2018. Jeremy will receive a substantia…

$24.99

Innova XCaliber - Champion

The Innova Champion XCaliber is a stable to overstable long distance driver. It flies extremely fast with glide and stability. The XCaliber achieves maximum distance when thrown low, flat, and hard. This disc golf driver has …

$13.95

Innova XCaliber - Echo Star

The Innova Echo Star XCaliber is a stable to overstable long distance driver. It flies extremely fast with glide and stability. The XCaliber achieves maximum distance when thrown low, flat, and hard. This disc golf driver has…

$15.50

Innova XCaliber - Star

The Innova Star XCaliber is a stable to overstable long distance driver. It flies extremely fast with glide and stability. The XCaliber achieves maximum distance when thrown low, flat, and hard. This disc golf driver has the …

$15.95